Provident Fund or PF is an essential part of the Indian financial system, which helps salaried employees accumulate corpus for their retirement. The PF fund is managed by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO), a statutory body under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. It is mandatory for employees with a basic salary of up to Rs 15,000 per month to contribute 12% of their basic salary and DA to their PF account.
The employer also contributes an equal amount, making it a total of 24% contribution. PF funds are a valuable source of long-term retirement planning for salaried individuals by offering an interest rate. That is often higher than bank deposit rates. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss everything about Provident Fund, including the latest update on post office interest rates, how to manage your PF funds, and epf balance check.
1. Types of Provident Funds:
There are three types of Provident Funds in India, which are listed below.
(a) Employees’ Provident Fund: This is the most common type, which is deducted from the employee’s salary and contributed by the employer. The present interest rate offered by EPFO is 8.5% per annum.
(b) Public Provident Fund: This is a voluntary investment scheme where anyone can invest between Rs 500 and Rs 1,50,000 per year. The interest rate for the current financial year 2020-21 is 7.1% per annum.
(c) National Pension System: This is a defined contribution pension scheme for employees in the organized sector. This scheme is a combination of government and employee contributions. It has two types of accounts – Tier I and Tier II. Tier I account is compulsory for the employees, whereas Tier II is optional.
2. Latest Update on Post Office Interest Rate:
A post office saving scheme is an excellent investment option for an individual. Who is looking for a safe investment option with guaranteed returns. The post office interest rate is revise every quarter by the government. The rate of interest on Post office Small Saving Schemes is based on the average yield of Government securities of similar maturity.
The post office offers several savings schemes such as Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC), Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS), and Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS). The rate of interest on these plans varies depending on the tenure of the scheme, ranging from 5 to 10 years.
In the latest update, the government has announced a cut in the post office interest rates for various schemes such as PPF, NSC, SCSS, and others. The new rates are effective from April 1, 2020. The post office interest rate for PPF has been reduced from 7.9% to 7.1%, NSC from 7.9% to 6.8%, and SCSS from 8.6% to 7.4%. The reduction in interest rates means lower returns for investors.
3. How to Manage PF Funds:
Managing your PF fund is crucial to ensure that you have enough funds accumulated for your retirement. Below are some tips for managing your PF funds.
(a) Check your PF balance: You can check your PF balance by visiting the EPFO website or by sending an SMS from your registered mobile number. It is essential to keep track of your EPF account balance to ensure that the contributions are being credit to the account regularly.
(b) Keep your UAN active: UAN (Universal Account Number) is a unique number allotted by the EPFO to each member. It is essential to keep your UAN active to ensure that you can view and download your EPF passbook. Update your personal information, and file your claims online. It is advisable to link your UAN with Aadhaar to avoid any discrepancy.
(c) Nomination: It is essential to nominate your family members to ensure that they can claim. The benefits of the PF account in case of any unfortunate incident.
(d) Withdrawal: You can withdraw your PF funds after retirement or before retirement in case of any financial emergency. However, it is advisable to keep your PF funds invested until retirement as it offers a higher rate of interest and helps in wealth accumulation.
(e) Transfer: In case you change your job, you can transfer your PF account to the new employer, instead of withdrawing the funds. It is advisable to transfer your PF account to avoid any taxes and loss of interest.
4. Wealth Accumulation with PF Funds:
PF funds are an excellent option for wealth accumulation. Below are some tips to maximize your wealth accumulation through PF funds.
(a) Regular Contributions: It is essential to make regular contributions to your PF fund to accumulate wealth. The contributions grow over time and offer a higher rate of interest.
(b) Discipline: To accumulate wealth, it is essential to be disciplined with your expenses and investments. Avoid withdrawing your PF funds before retirement and maintain a long-term investment horizon.
(c) Diversification: Diversify your investment portfolio to minimize the risk and maximize the returns. Apart from PF funds, you can also invest in mutual funds, stocks, etc.
(d) Retirement Planning: PF funds are primarily meant for retirement planning. Plan your retirement goals, estimate your retirement corpus, and invest accordingly.
Provident Funds are an excellent investment option for wealth accumulation and retirement planning. With the latest update on post office interest rates, it is essential to assess. Your investment options and choose the best scheme that suits your financial goals. Managing your PF funds and following the tips for wealth accumulation can help. You achieve your financial goals in the long run.